Health experts have claimed that as per the report, nearly 104270 new cases of colon cancer, and around 45230 incidents of rectal cancer are identified in the US each year. Reports claim that one in every 23 men is expected to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer in their lifetime. Similarly around one in every 25 women is detected with colorectal cancer in their lifetime. It makes the dreaded disease the third leading cause of death in the United States in people of any gender. Health experts have said that looking at this statistic; people need to reduce the risk factor for this type of disease. People need to quit smoking, include physical activity, and maintain healthy body weight to reduce the risk factors for colorectal cancer, said the experts. A team of experts had said that surprisingly, a dietary factor might increase the risk of this type of cancer among people. However, it is easily modifiable. The new study has found that eating red meat might shoot up the risk of this form of cancer and consumption of red meat is linked with an increased risk of early onset of colon cancer. The findings of the new study have been released in the June 2021 volume of JNCI Cancer Spectrum.
Scientists who have been involved in the new study have compiled the data of nearly 3767 people who have been below 50 years of age. These participants have been diagnosed with early onset of colorectal cancer. Experts have taken the data of 4049 people from the control population from 13 studies. The study has included the data of 23437 people who are above 50 years of age with early symptoms of colorectal cancer. The data of 35311 people who have been above 50 years from the control group as well have been included in the study. Experts have said that younger people with early onset of colorectal cancer who have been consuming higher amounts of red meat have been at a 10 percent greater risk of the disease. The study has noted that previously found risk factors such as smoking and high body mass index have not been found to shoot up the risk of colorectal cancer in young people who have been below 50 years of age. In the new study, health experts have found that alcohol consumption acts as a double-edged sword in the context of early onset of colorectal cancer risk. The intake of alcohol has been termed as a risk factor for colorectal cancer by the American Cancer Society.
The authors of the study have said that people who are indulged in heavy drinking are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with early onset of colorectal cancer. Heavy drinking is considered as having more than two drinks per day. However, people who do not consume alcoholic drinks at all as well are at greater risk of colorectal cancer due to other risk factors, said the experts. The authors of the study have found that participants who have not been taking aspirin on regular basis are more likely to be diagnosed with early onset of colorectal cancer. The study has found that people who are dealing with diabetes and those who have been taking lower levels of folate, calcium, and fiber as well are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with colorectal cancer. However, earlier, experts have said that a low-fiber diet is a more standard indicator of rectal cancer instead of colon cancer. The lead author of the study, Richard B. Hayes, who is a professor of population health and environmental medicine at NYU Langone Health, has said that it is the first large-scale study that has looked at non-genetic risk factors for colorectal cancer. Other health experts have said that the findings of the study will offer a targeted basis for tracking people who are at a higher risk of this type of cancer.