NASA stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA, the United States government agency responsible for all space and air-related science and technology. The Space Age officially began in 1957 with the launch of the Soviet Satellite Sputnik. NASA officially began operations on October 1, 1958. NASA was created to coordinate American aviation research and space exploration. NASA is managed by the administrator. The President proposes NASA Administrator, and the Senate votes for confirmation.
The “deepest image of our agency” that has ever been taken will be shown by NASA on July 12th, according to NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, who made the announcement on Wednesday. In a briefing at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Nelson discussed the $10 billion observatory. “If someone thinks that,” he remarked, “that is further than mankind has ever looked before.” Sun Earth is a million miles (1.5 million kilometres) away. Its enormous main mirror and infrared-focused equipment enable Webb to look further into the universe than any telescope has ever been able to, allowing it to see through gas and dust. Nelson stated over the phone that the spacecraft will investigate both solar system objects and planetary atmospheres. This will provide hints as to whether or not their environments are comparable to ours.
NASA deputy administrator Pam Melroy announced that the telescope’s launch by NASA partner Arianespace was efficient and that it could remain operational for up to 20 years. This is twice the original lifespan. She stated that 20 years will allow the team to explore more of history and time. “We will also be able to dig deeper into science as we can learn, grow, and make new observations’’, Pam Melroy added. Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA’s top scientist, announced that Webb would share the first spectroscopy picture of a distant planet. This is called an “exoplanet”. Spectroscopy is a broad area of science that studies electromagnetic radiation. The spectrum can be described as a function of frequency or wavelength and is used to measure and interpret the chemical and molecular compositions distant objects. The planet spectrum is useful in identifying its atmosphere, as well as other properties like water content and ground. “We’ll start to look at these worlds, which keep us awake at night, as we look up into the starry night sky, and wonder, if there is life elsewhere? said Zurbuchen.
NASA shared an image comparing a star cluster taken by Webb’s MIRI and Spitzer Space Telescope’s Infrared Array. This is a small satellite galaxy in the Milky Way with a dense star field. Webb’s superior imaging system outclassed Spitzer even though it was no longer in operation on January 30, 2019. Webb was still able to make important scientific observations. Webb’s primary mirror is larger and the detectors are better. Webb can capture images of greater resolution with greater clarity that Spitzer.